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Typology studies

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  • Bat tower

    Bat Tower in East Otto, New York, USA by Joyce HwangSubscription

    Thanks to human-caused climate change, many scientists argue that the world is entering the sixth mass extinction in its history. Bats are among the species under threat. Over a million have died in the USA, where they have succumbed to a fungal infection, and in the UK, bats are vanishing as they lose their habitats and food supply thanks to non-porous buildings, pollution and pesticides, despite being protected by law. One way to mitigate these problems is to provide roosts that compensate ...

  • 01

    Mikve Rajel by Pascal Arquitectos, Mexico City, Mexico, 2011Subscription

    Mikve Rajel, with subdued lighting and expanses of wood and marble lining the communal areas, gives the ritual bath a setting not unlike a modern spa

  • 160531 loyly 114 web

    Löyly by Avanto Architects, Helsinki, Finland, 2016Subscription

    The folded wooden envelope provides a place for locals to meet, creating a transitional social zone between the intimate spaces of the interior and the urban space of the waterfront

  • Hori 004

  • 05 communal pool (liquefy emotions)

    Crossing Parallel(s) by Studio MRDO and Studio LaM, Korean Demilitarised Zone, Korea, unbuiltSubscription

    Prodded by President Trump, the cold war between North and South Korea – which never formally declared a truce – threatens to return to boiling point, with potentially world-ending consequences. What solutions can architecture offer to the crisis? This is of course a ludicrous question; nevertheless, architectural research group Arch Out Loud recently held an open competition to design an underground bathhouse in the demilitarised zone, with the aim of emphasising the shared culture ...

  • Lon35766

    Typology: BathhouseSubscription

    Since time immemorial, and from continent to continent, saunas or bathhouses have played a community role, stripping their users of social distinctions and affording a rich seam for architects

  • 1748 diana princess of wales memorial gdns n6 highjames morris

    Princess Diana Memorial Playground Lavatories in London by Jestico + WhilesSubscription

    The incorporation of a toilet into the memorial for a beloved public figure is a delicate matter, and one that fully justifies a revival of the otherwise tediously prudish British tradition of the subterranean lav. Here, however, the monument takes the form of a children’s playground inspired by Peter Pan, incorporating wigwams and a pirate ship, and the toilets are accordingly anything but po-faced. Rising from the landscaping (designed by Land Use Consultants), a grassy mound covers ...

  • Hull

    Typology: Public toiletSubscription

    From the pissoir to the sanisette, from the communal to the stand-alone pod, from male to female provision, a rich seam of history runs through toilets

  • 8

    Women’s Toilet in Thane, India by Rohan ChavanSubscription

    Secure places to relieve oneself are important for women in India – not only to raise awareness about endemic abuse – but do they work as sites of social interaction?

  • Rra selvika havoysund 15©rra

    Selvika National Tourist Route in Finnmark, Norway, by Reiulf Ramstad ArkitekterSubscription

    The project is a triumph of the provision of facilities in a sensitive spot, enhancing the place rather than hiding it coyly beneath an architectural fig leaf

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