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Typology studies

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  • The National Library of China is the third largest in the world. It is divided into three layers: an earthbound historic base, translucent central portion and  digital roof layer

    National Library of China by KSP Jurgen Engel ArchitektenSubscription

    Oriel Prizeman examines six recent libraries in the first of a new quarterly series on typology

  • The King Abdulaziz Center for World Culture designed by Snøhetta takes the form of a knot in the desert that holds resources which have fuelled the global economy. A cluster inspired by striped pebbles contains a children's 'discovery zone' and a

    King Abdulaziz Center for World Culture by Snøhetta Subscription

    Oriel Prizeman examines six recent libraries in the first of a new quarterly series on typology

  • Library_of_Birmingham_from_Centenary_Square_credit_Library_of_Birmingham

    Library of Birmingham by Mecanoo Subscription

    Oriel Prizeman examines six recent libraries in the first of a new quarterly series on typology

  • Robert Smirke’s much loved 1857 British Library is one of the most famous examples of the radial plan, which was introduced into library design to enable the efficient monitoring of readers by librarians

    Typology: LibrariesSubscription

    In this piece from November 2011, Oriel Prizeman examines six recent public library projects in the first of a major new quarterly series on typology


    Typology: SchoolsSubscription

    In the industrial era, schools developed as highly controlled environments to instil the discipline to thrive in a machine age. Now, to prepare pupils for success in a knowledge economy, the evolving typology is more fluidly conceived to provide flexibility, connectivity, and spaces for social and educational encounters

  • Patients at St Bartholomew's Hospital, Lodnon in 1929 being wheeled out in their beds

    Typology: HospitalsSubscription

    Ancient civilisation advocated letting the wider world’s healing power flow through the body and mind, but the industrialisation of healthcare isolated patients from these larger contexts. From city centres to sylvan settings, today’s hospitals must reintegrate the public realm into the healing process


    Typology: OfficesSubscription

    Conceived in an era of command and control, the traditional fixed and stratified office is evolving to embrace more fluid and intuitive ways of working

  • Wunderkammern

    Typology: MuseumsSubscription

    Museums arrange the world according to the changing way we see it: from Renaissance memory theatres and Baroque cabinets of curiosity, via Enlightenment typologies, to Modernist teleologies and the current vogue for environmental contextualism

  • Opera Index

    Typology: Opera HousesSubscription

    Since its birth in the Renaissance, opera has been claimed as a reincarnation of community-forming Greek drama, while being used to represent the power of the state − whether feudal, dictatorial or democratic

  • typology

    Typology: The semi-detached houseSubscription

    Symbol of middle-class aspiration, conservatism and compromised individualism, the semi-detached house is England’s modern domestic type par excellence

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